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Second Expert Report

Note: All evidence from the Second Expert Report is being updated as part of the WCRF/AICR Continuous Update Project, which builds on the Second Expert Report and is an ongoing review of the evidence.

WCRF/AICR's Second Expert Report Food, Nutrition, Physical Activity and the Prevention of Cancer: a Global Perspective, was the most current and comprehensive analysis of the literature on diet, nutrition, physical activity and cancer when it was published in 2007. It built on the foundation, first established by the WCRF global network in 1982, to analyse, interpret and make public the available scientific evidence to help individuals reduce their risk of developing cancer.

This work began in 1982 when the American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR) took the US National Academy of Science Expert Report Diet and Cancer and sought permission to print and distribute 30,000 copies to scientists, policy makers and health professionals in the USA.

WCRF/AICR continued the tradition by publishing its own report, Food, Nutrition and the Prevention of Cancer: a Global Perspective, in 1997. This report was a catalyst for change, creating great opportunities for advancement in the area of diet and cancer prevention. Its publication stimulated a surge in research in the field.

Since then, advances in technology have revolutionised the way that information is collected and analysed. As a result, in 2001, WCRF/AICR set itself a new objective: to systematically review and assess the body of evidence on diet, physical activity and cancer and to publish a Second Expert Report. This report, launched in November 2007, is the largest study of its kind and its conclusions are as definitive as the available evidence allows.

Our continuous commitment to research

The Second Expert Report identified 11 research directions (listed in section 3 of our Grant Application Package) to build on the current base of knowledge in the area of diet, nutrition, physical activity, body composition and cancer. The scientific findings from the Continuous Update Project will also help shape future research directions, and in turn the grant programme's research principles and priorities

The research directions identified aim to increase understanding of the cancer process, including cancer initiation, promotion, progression and metastasis, but also are often interdisciplinary and address issues that could help translate research into action to prevent cancer.

These research directions are for the whole research community working in the field of nutrition and cancer. We hope that the research community will respond to these challenges and conduct high quality research in these areas.

As part of this effort, the WCRF global network through its grant programmes aims to support research in some of these areas (our research priorities) by funding the best applications as identified through our review process.

Visit our Diet and Cancer Report website which is the central resource for our Continuous Update Project, Second Expert Report and Policy Report.