Cancer facts and figures
Cancer of the pancreas is the thirteenth most common type of cancer worldwide. About 280,000 cases were recorded in 2008.
Cancer of the lung is the most common cancer in the world, and has been for decades. In 2008, it represented 12.7% of all new cancers with an estimated 1.61 million new cases.
Cervical cancer is the third most common cancer in women, accounting for 9% of all female cancers, and 9% of all cancer deaths in women.
Salt is necessary for human health and life itself, but at levels very much lower than those typically consumed in most parts of the world.
Kidney cancer is the 10th most common cancer worldwide. About 270,000 cases were recorded in 2008.
Annual meat production is predicted to rise from a level of 218 million tonnes recorded in 1999 to 376 million tonnes by 2030.
There is convincing evidence that being physically active protects against colon cancer and also against becoming overweight or obesity.
Liver cancer was diagnosed in about 750,000 people worldwide in 2008. This accounted for about 6% of the total number of cases of cancer in 2008. About 85% of the cases were in developing countries. The age standardised rate of this cancer in men was more than double that in women (16 vs. 6 per 100,000 population).
Bladder cancer was diagnosed in about 380,000 people worldwide in 2008. This accounted for about 3% of the total number of cases of cancer in 2008. Bladder cancer is predominantly a disease of high income countries. The age standardised rate of bladder cancer was about four times higher in men compared with women (9 vs. 2 per 100,000 population).
Oesophageal cancer is the eighth most common cancer worldwide. There are two types of oesophageal cancer adenocarcinoma and sqamous cell carcinoma.
More alcohol is consumed in Europe than other parts of the world. The top five countries with the highest consumption were all in Europe (Estonia, Czech Republic, Ireland, France and Andorra).
Stomach cancer is the fourth most common cancer worldwide. Around one million cases of stomach cancer were recorded in 2008, accounting for around 8 per cent of all new cancer cases. It is predicted that the number of cases will rise to 1.7 million by 2030. Age-standardised incidence rates are about twice as high in men as in women.
Bowel cancer is the third most common cancer worldwide. Around 1.2 million cases of bowel cancer were recorded in 2008, accounting for around 10 per cent of all new cancer cases. It is predicted that the number of cases will rise to 2.2 million by 2030.
Nearly 1.4 million cases of breast cancer were diagnosed across the world in 2008, compared with about 500 000 cases in 1975. This represents about 11% of all new cancer cases and 23% of all female cancers. It is predicted that the number of cases will rise to 2.1 million by 2030.
The incidence of prostate cancer is 25 times higher in Australia and New Zealand then in South-Central Asia
Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer in men worldwide. Around 910 000 cases of prostate cancer were recorded in 2008, accounting for around 14 per cent of all new cancer cases in men. It is predicted that the number of cases will almost double (1.7 million) by 2030.
In 2007, an estimated 22 million children under the age of 5 were overweight throughout the world. More than 75 per cent of overweight and obese children live in low- and middle-income countries.
South-East Asia has the highest rate of exclusive breastfeeding for six months.