Ovarian cancer is the seventh most common cancer in women worldwide (eighteenth most common cancer overall), with 239,000 new cases diagnosed in 2012.
The Second Expert Report (SER) Panel judged in 2007 that there is evidence that adult attained height is probably a cause of ovarian cancer, although adult height is unlikely to directly modify the risk of cancer. It is a marker for genetic, environmental, hormonal, and also nutritional factors affecting growth during the period from preconception to completion of linear growth. The Continuous Update Project Panel discussed the updated evidence for this cancer in June 2013 and will publish its conclusions in 2014. Look out for the published report in the 'What’s new' section of the Diet and Cancer Report website.
The countries with the top 20 highest incidence of ovarian cancer in 2012 are given in the table below.
- Fiji had the highest rate of ovarian cancer, followed by Latvia and Bulgaria.
- About 58% of ovarian cancer cases occurred in less developed countries.
- The highest incidence of ovarian cancer was in Europe and Northern America; and the lowest incidence in Africa and Asia.
|Rank||Country||Age-Standardised Rate per 100,000 (World)|
|18||Trinidad and Tobago||10.6|
Source: Ferlay J, Soerjomataram I, Ervik M, Dikshit R, Eser S, Mathers C, Rebelo M, Parkin DM, Forman D, Bray, F. GLOBOCAN 2012 v1.0, Cancer Incidence and Mortality Worldwide: IARC CancerBase No. 11 [Internet]. Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer; 2013. Available from: http://globocan.iarc.fr, accessed on 13/12/2013.
In 2012 the rate of ovarian cancer was more than two times higher in Central and Eastern Europe compared with Eastern Asia.
The 5-year prevalence of women globally living with ovarian cancer is 22.6 per 100,000 (estimated from incidence and observed survival by cancer and age group).