Kidney cancer is the ninth most commonly occurring cancer in men and the 14th most commonly occurring cancer in women. There were over 400,000 new cases in 2018. The top 20 countries with the highest incidence of kidney cancer in 2018 are given in the tables below.

The Continuous Update Project Panel judged there is strong evidence that greater body fatness and greater adult attained height increase the risk of kidney cancer. There is strong evidence that consuming alcoholic drinks decreases the risk of kidney cancer (up to two drinks per day, there was insufficient evidence to draw a conclusions for intakes above this level). See our report on alcoholic drinks for the evidence. There is some evidence that drinking water containing arsenic might increase the risk of kidney cancer. Read about all the evidence on kidney cancer in our Third Expert Report.

Age-standardised rates are used in the tables. This is a summary measure of the rate of disease that a population would have if it had a standard age structure. Standardisation is necessary when comparing populations that differ with respect to age because age has a powerful influence on the risk of dying from cancer.

Kidney cancer rates: both sexes

Belarus had the highest rate of kidney cancer in 2018, followed by Latvia.

Rank Country Age-standardised rate per 100,000
1 Belarus 16.8
2 Latvia 15.2
3 Lithuania 14.8
4 Czech Republic 14.7
5 Estonia 14.6
6 Slovakia 13.4
7 France (metropolitan) 12.5
8 Hungary 12.4
9 Iceland 11.9
10 Croatia 11.7
11 Uruguay 11.4
12 Ireland 11.3
13 US 10.9
14 Slovenia 10.5
15= Canada 10.2
15= Norway 10.2
15= UK 10.2
18 Russia 10.0
19 Australia 9.8
20= Belgium 9.4
20= Singapore 9.4

Kidney cancer rates in men

Belarus had the highest rate of kidney cancer in men in 2018, followed by Estonia.

Rank Country Age-standardised rate per 100,000
1 Belarus 24.0
2 Estonia 21.3
3= Czech Republic 20.7
3= Latvia 20.7
5 Lithuania 20.2
6 Slovakia 18.3
7 France (metropolitan) 17.5
8 Croatia 17.0
9= Hungary 16.6
9= Singapore 16.6
11 Slovenia 15.9
12 Ireland 15.8
13 Norway 15.7
14 Uruguay 15.6
15 Iceland 14.9
16 US 14.4
17 Greece 14.1
18 Russia 13.6
19 Canada 13.5
20= Spain 13.2
20= UK 13.2

Kidney cancer rates in women

Belarus had the highest rate of kidney cancer in women in 2018, followed by Latvia.

Rank Country Age-standardised rate per 100,000
1 Belarus 11.6
2 Latvia 11.2
3 Lithuania 11.0
4 Estonia 9.7
5 Czech Republic 9.5
6 Slovakia 9.3
7 Iceland 8.9
8 Hungary 8.8
9 Uruguay 8.0
10 France (metropolitan) 7.9
11 US 7.8
12= Russia 7.4
12= UK 7.4
14= Canada 7.2
14= Croatia 7.2
14= Malta 7.2
14= Samoa 7.2
18 Ireland 7.1
19 Australia 6.9
20= Belgium 6.8
20= Ukraine 6.8