We developed the NOURISHING framework to highlight where governments need to take action to promote healthy diets and reduce overweight and obesity.
The framework is accompanied by a regularly updated database (last updated 8 May 2019), providing an extensive overview of implemented government policy actions from around the world.
Sign up here to receive updates on NOURISHING.
Contact us on email@example.com with further examples of implemented policies, evaluations of implemented policies or with any other questions or comments.
Questions? Visit About NOURISHING.
Copyright © 2019 World Cancer Research Fund International. Please contact us on firstname.lastname@example.org for permission to replicate any part of the NOURISHING framework and/or policy database. Please do not attempt to create your own version.
We know from the evidence that making fruit and vegetables available in schools increases consumption. There is also evidence that food standards to restrict availability have the effect of reducing consumption of the restricted food.
For these actions to be effective for all children, they need to be sustained over time and accompanied by complementary behaviour change communication techniques, such as "modelling", school gardens, and communication to all stakeholders involved in the provision and consumption of school food. Worksites and healthcare also present strong potential for improved eating among adults.
Download the table
Updated May 2019: In November 2018, the Ministry of Health published mandatory nutrient guidelines for beverages sold/served within all public educational institutions for children (i.e. early childhood, primary level and secondary level). The guidelines prohibit sweetened beverages that exceed a maximum sugar concentration of: 6g/100ml ( effective 1 January 2019); 5g/100ml (effective 1 January 2020); 4g/100ml (effective 1 January 2021); and 2.5g/100ml (effective 1 January 2023). Prohibited beverages include soft drinks, sports drinks, energy drinks, sweetened waters, coffee and tea beverages if they are above the stipulated limits. All unsweetened beverages are permitted, such as plain or unsweetened flavoured/infused water, 100% juices, 100% coconut water, plain milk or unsweetened milk products, plain milk substitutes and unsweetened milk substitute products. The guidelines also caution against beverages containing >10mg/serve of caffeine, discourage the use of artificial sweeteners and recommend beverage portions sold/served of <12 ounces (not including water).
Awareness is one precursor to eating well. The evidence suggests that public campaigns can boost awareness. To influence consumption, they need to be sustained and use multiple channels.
Updated May 2019: Food-based dietary guidelines are an information and communication tool involving the translation of recommended nutrient intakes or population targets into recommendations of the balance of food that populations should be consuming for a healthy diet. They typically promote increased intake of fruit and vegetables and limited intake of salt/sodium and sugar. They may also include guidance on physical activity and healthy weight, and provide guidelines for different population groups. Countries use various formats of presenting the guidelines including cooking pots (Guatemala, Paraguay), pineapples (Fiji), pyramids (India, US), plates (Australia, Colombia, UK), pagodas (China), spinning top (Venezuela), traditional African house (Benin) and circles (Argentina). Some countries have started to include sustainability criteria in their dietary guidelines (eg Germany in 2013, Finland and Brazil in 2014, Sweden and Qatar in 2015, the Netherlands and UK in 2016). Brazil’s revised dietary guidelines, launched in 2014, present food- and meal-based recommendations that take into account cultural dimensions and promote the consumption of minimally processed food as well as health, wellbeing and sustainable food systems, and recommend avoiding ultra-processed food. Canada’s new food guide, launched in 2019, provides guidance on what to eat, as well as how to eat. This includes recommendations on healthy eating habits that encourage people to cook more often, to be mindful of their eating habits, to use food labels, to cook at home and to eat meals with others. The new food guide is an online suite of resources that provides information targeted to different audiences, including the general public, health professionals and policy makers.
Details on the content of national dietary guidelines can be found on the FAO database on Food-based dietary guidelines.
The Caribbean Community (CARICOM) celebrates Caribbean Wellness Day every year on 13 September to raise awareness of healthy lifestyle options, including promoting healthy food choices. The main slogan is “Love that body” and the campaign elements include posters, stickers, a logo, a jingle, a website and public service announcements.