We developed the NOURISHING framework to highlight where governments need to take action to promote healthy diets and reduce overweight and obesity.
The framework is accompanied by a regularly updated database (last updated 8 May 2019), providing an extensive overview of implemented government policy actions from around the world.
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Empirical estimates show that food prices influence, to a varying degree, how much food people buy. Targeted subsidies have been shown to help overcome affordability barriers to healthy food for people on low incomes. Incentives, like financial rewards or price discounts, have also been shown to encourage people to switch to healthier options.
Emerging evidence from implemented taxes, as well as modelling studies, indicate the potential for effectiveness to reduce consumption. Given food choices are influenced by a whole host of factors, especially in modern, complex food markets, taxes must be designed very carefully to maximise effectiveness.
Please note, $ refers to USD.
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Added May 2019: On 1 January 2019, Article 5 of the Finance Act 2019 came into effect increasing Morocco’s value-added tax on manufactured or imported soft and non-carbonated drinks with added sugars by 50%. Carbonated or non-carbonated water, mineral water, table water or others containing <10% of edible fruit juice or juice concentrates are taxed Moroccan Dirham (MAD) 0.45 (about $0.04) per litre; or those with >10% fruit juice or juice concentrates taxed at MAD 0.15 (about $0.016) per litre. Lemonades containing sugar with <6% lemon juice or concentrate equivalent were taxed MAD 0.45 per litre; or those containing >6% lemon juice or concentrate equivalent taxed at MAD 0.15 per litre. Unfermented carbonated or non- carbonated beverages containing malt extracts and natural fruit flavourings, and sweetened with sucrose, dextrose, glucose, fructose, maltose or a mixture were taxed MAD 1.24 (about $0.13) per litre. Energy drinks containing at least two stimulant ingredients such as caffeine, taurine and glucuronolactone were taxed MAD 6.00 (about $0.62) per litre.