William Farrell, at Keele University in England, looked at the effect of folic acid intake (during early pregnancy) on gene expression, and aimed to provide recommendations on folate supplementation in the context of future cancer risk.
The research found that folic acid makes changes to genes associated with birth weight (this influence is complex and affected by other genes too). These gene changes also alter the deleterious effects of smoking on birth weight.
Carolyn Summerbell, at the University of Durham, assessed whether a school-based health promotion programme (TeesCAKE), delivered through partnership working, can prevent excess weight gain in children from socially deprived backgrounds.
This grant found children who participated in the program were less obese and their waist circumference was smaller. This tells us that the TeesCAKE programme can work, although it was not quite as successful as expected.