Kidney cancer statistics

Kidney cancer is the twelfth most common cancer in the world (joint position with pancreatic cancer), with 338,000 new cases diagnosed in 2012.

Renal parenchymal cancer is the most common kidney cancer, accounting for approximately 80–90 per cent of all primary kidney cancer; renal pelvis cancer accounts for most of the remainder.

Smoking is a cause of kidney cancer. Both current and former smokers have an increased risk of renal cell cancer compared to people who have never smoked. Analgesics containing phenacetin are a cause of cancer of the renal pelvis. Polycystic kidney disease predisposes people to kidney cancer and hypertension is associated with higher risk of kidney cancer.

The Continuous Update Project Panel made the following judgements; there was convincing evidence that greater body fatness is a cause of kidney cancer, developmental factors (marked by adult attained height) probably causes kidney cancer and consumption of alcoholic drinks probably protects against kidney cancer.

The preventability project as part of the Policy Report estimated that about 24% of kidney cancer cases could be prevented in the USA if everyone had a healthy weight. The estimate was about 19% for the UK, 13% for Brazil and 8% for China.

The countries with the top 20 highest incidence of kidney cancer in 2012 are given in the tables below.

Both sexes

  • Czech Republic had the highest rate of kidney cancer, followed by Lithuania and Slovakia.
  • About 59 per cent of kidney cancer cases occurred in more developed countries.
  • The highest incidence of kidney cancer was in Northern America and Europe; and the lowest incidence in Africa and Asia.
Rank Country Age-Standardised Rate per 100,000 (World)
1 Czech Republic 16.7
2 Lithuania 13.2
3 Slovakia 12.5
4 United States of America 12.0
5 Estonia 11.7
6 Belarus 11.1
6 Slovenia 11.1
8 Latvia 10.9
9 Germany 10.6
10 Croatia 10.0
10 Israel 10.0
12 France (metropolitan) 9.7
13 Australia 9.5
14 Uruguay 9.4
15 Norway 9.3
15 Canada 9.3
17 Hungary 9.1
18 Russian Federation 8.9
19 Iceland 8.8
19 The Netherlands 8.8

Source: Ferlay J, Soerjomataram I, Ervik M, Dikshit R, Eser S, Mathers C, Rebelo M, Parkin DM, Forman D, Bray, F. GLOBOCAN 2012 v1.1, Cancer Incidence and Mortality Worldwide: IARC CancerBase No. 11 [Internet]. Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer; 2014. Available from: http://globocan.iarc.fr, accessed on 16/01/2015.

Men

  • Czech Republic had the highest rate of kidney cancer in 2012, followed by Lithuania and Estonia.
  • About 59 per cent of kidney cancer cases occurred in more developed countries.
  • The highest incidence of kidney cancer was in Northern America and Europe; and the lowest incidence in Africa and Asia.
Rank Country Age-Standardised Rate per 100,000 (World)
1 Czech Republic 24.1
2 Lithuania 20.5
3 Estonia 17.6
4 Slovakia 17.5
5 Latvia 16.4
6 United States of America 15.9
7 Belarus 15.6
8 Slovenia 15.2
9 Croatia 14.4
10 Hungary 14.2
11 France (metropolitan) 14.1
12 Germany 14.0
13 Israel 13.8
13 Uruguay 13.8
15 Italy 13.1
16 Australia 12.9
17 Norway 12.7
18 Russian Federation 12.5
19 Iceland 12.1
19 Luxembourg 12.1

Source: Ferlay J, Soerjomataram I, Ervik M, Dikshit R, Eser S, Mathers C, Rebelo M, Parkin DM, Forman D, Bray, F. GLOBOCAN 2012 v1.1, Cancer Incidence and Mortality Worldwide: IARC CancerBase No. 11 [Internet]. Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer; 2014. Available from: http://globocan.iarc.fr, accessed on 16/01/2015.

Women

  • Czech Republic had the highest rate of kidney cancer in 2012, followed by Slovakia and United States of America.
  • About 60 per cent of kidney cancer cases occurred in more developed countries.
  • The highest incidence of kidney cancer was in Northern America and Europe; and the lowest incidence in Africa and Asia.
Rank Country Age-Standardised Rate per 100,000 (World)
1 Czech Republic 10.5
2 Slovakia 8.7
3 United States of America 8.5
4 Lithuania 8.2
5 Belarus 7.9
5 Estonia 7.6
7 Germany 7.5
8 Slovenia 7.4
9 Latvia 7.0
10 Canada 6.8
11 Israel 6.6
12 Russian Federation 6.5
13 Finland 6.4
13 Croatia 6.4
15 Australia 6.3
16 Ireland 6.2
16 The Netherlands 6.2
18 Norway 6.0
19 France (metropolitan) 5.9
20 Poland 5.8
20 Uruguay 5.8
20 United Kingdom 5.8

Source: Ferlay J, Soerjomataram I, Ervik M, Dikshit R, Eser S, Mathers C, Rebelo M, Parkin DM, Forman D, Bray, F. GLOBOCAN 2012 v1.1, Cancer Incidence and Mortality Worldwide: IARC CancerBase No. 11 [Internet]. Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer; 2014. Available from: http://globocan.iarc.fr, accessed on 16/01/2015.