Oesophageal cancer statistics

Oesophageal cancer is the 11th most common cancer worldwide. It is the 7th most common cancer in men and the 16th most common cancer in women.

Latest oesophageal cancer data

There were more than 511,054 new cases of oesophageal cancer in 2022. The 10 countries with the highest rates of oesophageal cancer and the highest number of deaths from oesophageal cancer in 2022 are shown in the tables below.

ASR = age-standardised rates. These are a summary measure of the rate of disease that a population would have if it had a standard age structure. Standardisation is necessary when comparing populations that differ with respect to age because age has a powerful influence on the risk of dying from cancer.

Oesophageal cancer rates

The following 3 tables show total global oesophageal cancer incidence and rates in 2022, followed by the figures for men and women. Malawi had the highest overall rate of oesophageal cancer in 2022, followed by Bangladesh.

RankCountryNumberASR/100,000
World511,0545.0
1China224,0128.3
2India70,6375.0
3Bangladesh25,23216.0
4Japan19,9264.8
5United States of America18,7472.8
6Brazil10,9853.7
7United Kingdom9,6015.9
8Russian Federation9,3453.5
9Pakistan9,2895.5
10Germany7,3103.5
Rank (men)CountryNumberASR/100,000
World365,2257.6
1China167,47213.1
2India45,6086.4
3Bangladesh16,57820.6
4Japan15,6587.8
5United States of America14,7574.7
6Brazil8,8126.7
7Russian Federation7,1076.8
8United Kingdom6,5048.8
9Germany5,6215.7
10Pakistan4,7765.7
Rank (women)CountryNumberASR/100,000
World145,8292.6
1China56,5403.8
2India25,0293.5
3Bangladesh8,65411.2
4Pakistan4,5135.3
5Japan4,2682.3
6United States of America3,9901.1
7United Kingdom3,0973.3
8Russian Federation2,2381.3
9Brazil2,1731.3
10Kenya1,72412.2

Oesophageal cancer deaths

The following 3 tables show total global oesophageal cancer mortality in 2022, followed by the figures for men and women. Malawi had the highest overall mortality rate from oesophageal cancer in 2022, followed by Bangladesh.

RankCountryNumberASR/100,000
World445,3914.3
1China187,4676.7
2India66,4104.7
3Bangladesh24,36315.3
4United States of America16,4692.4
5Japan12,1612.6
6Brazil10,3933.5
7Pakistan8,7045.2
8United Kingdom8,5954.9
9Russian Federation8,3593.1
10Germany6,3992.9
Rank (men)CountryNumberASR/100,000
World318,4336.5
1China140,39010.7
2India43,0826.1
3Bangladesh15,97819.7
4United States of America13,2784.1
5Japan9,8254.5
6Brazil8,3176.3
7Russian Federation6,4616.1
8United Kingdom5,8637.4
9Germany4,9204.9
10Pakistan4,4975.4
Rank (women)CountryNumberASR/100,000
World126,9582.2
1China47,0772.9
2India23,3283.3
3Bangladesh8,38510.8
4Pakistan4,2075.0
5United States of America3,1910.83
6United Kingdom2,7322.6
7Japan2,3360.89
8Brazil2,0761.2
9Russian Federation1,8981.0
10Kenya1,62111.5