Prostate cancer is the second most commonly occurring cancer in men and the fourth most commonly occurring cancer overall. There were 1.3 million new cases in 2018. The top 20 countries with the highest rates of prostate cancer in 2018 are given in the table below.

Age-adjusted incidence rates of prostate cancer have increased dramatically and this is largely because of the increased availability of screening for prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in men without symptoms of the disease. This test leads to detection of many prostate cancers that are small and/or would otherwise remain unrecognised, and which may or may not develop further into higher stage disease.

The Continuous Update Project Panel judged there is strong evidence that greater body fatness is a cause of advanced prostate cancer, and developmental factors (marked by adult attained height) are a cause of prostate cancer. There is strong evidence that beta-carotene (from food or supplements) has no substantial effect on the risk of prostate cancer. Read about all the evidence in our Third Expert Report.

We also fund research on prostate cancer through our regular grant programme. Read the findings here.

Age-standardised rates are used in the tables. This is a summary measure of the rate of disease that a population would have if it had a standard age structure. Standardisation is necessary when comparing populations that differ with respect to age because age has a powerful influence on the risk of dying from cancer.

Prostate cancer rates

Guadeloupe had the highest rate of prostate cancer in 2018, followed by Martinique.

Rank Country Age-standardised rate per 100,000
1 Guadeloupe (France) 189.1
2 Martinique (France) 158.4
3 Ireland 132.5
4 Barbados 129.3
5 Estonia 109.9
6 Norway 106.5
7 Sweden 103.0
8 Puerto Rico 101.7
9 France (metropolitan) 99.0
10 New Caledonia (France) 93.0
11 French Guiana 92.3
12 New Zealand 90.8
13 Czech Republic 88.0
14 Bahamas 85.8
15 Australia 85.6
16 UK 80.7
17 Latvia 80.3
18 Slovenia 79.3
19 Luxembourg 78.8
20 Switzerland 77.4