INTRODUCTION

A SUMMARY OF THE THIRD EXPERT REPORT

CANCER PROCESS

Summarises the wealth of evidence on how diet, nutrition and physical activity can influence the biological processes that underpin the development and progression of cancer.

JUDGING THE EVIDENCE

Outlines the rationale and methodology of the CUP, describing the rigorous scientific processes involved in gathering, presenting, assessing and judging evidence

EXPOSURES

Collating evidence and judgements by exposure.
Each of the 10 exposure sections covers definitions and background information, issues relating to interpretation of the evidence, the evidence itself (from epidemiological studies featured in CUP systematic literature reviews and from research into biological mechanisms) and judgements on the evidence.

CANCERS

CUP cancer reports and systematic literature reviews (SLRs).
Collating evidence and judgements by cancer.

CUP cancer reports, which summarise the CUP systematic literature reviews, focus on a particular cancer site, covering trends in incidence and survival, pathogenesis, other established causes, methodology, issues relating to interpretation of the evidence, the evidence itself (from epidemiological studies featured in CUP systematic literature reviews and from research into biological mechanisms) and judgements on the evidence

Diet, nutrition, physical activity and:

ENERGY BALANCE AND BODY FATNESS

Diet, nutrition and physical activity: Energy balance and body fatness

Presents information, evidence and judgements on exposures that increase or decrease the risk of weight gain, overweight and obesity.

SURVIVORS OF BREAST AND OTHER CANCERS

Presents information on current knowledge of the importance of diet, nutrition and physical activity for cancer survivors, with a particular emphasis on breast cancer. Also includes current advice and research priorities

RECOMMENDATIONS AND PUBLIC HEALTH AND POLICY IMPLICATIONS

Presents the latest Cancer Prevention Recommendations, with information on the reasons behind each Recommendation. Also includes other findings of the CUP relating to regional and special circumstances, as well as public health and policy implications, along with a new policy framework

CHANGES SINCE THE 2007 SECOND EXPERT REPORT

Important shifts in emphasis since the 2007 Second Expert Report

FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS

Outlines areas where further research is needed

RESOURCES AND TOOLKITS

Access downloads for all parts of the Third Expert Report or find out how to request a printed copy of the summary report

OUR INTERACTIVE CANCER RISK MATRIX

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

GLOSSARY

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS