Stomach cancer statistics

Stomach cancer is the fifth most common cancer worldwide.

Stomach cancer is the fourth most commonly occurring cancer in men and the seventh most commonly occurring cancer in women. There were over 1 million new cases in 2018. The top 20 countries with the highest rates of stomach cancer in 2018 are given in the tables below.

The Continuous Update Project Panel judged there is strong evidence that greater body fatness and consumption of alcoholic drinks and foods preserved by salting are causes of stomach cancer. There is some evidence that consumption of processed meat and grilled or barbecued meat and fish, and low consumption of fruit, might increase the risk of stomach cancer. There is some evidence that consumption of citrus fruit might decrease the risk of stomach cancer.

> Read about all the evidence in our Third Expert Report.

Age-standardised rates are used in the tables. This is a summary measure of the rate of disease that a population would have if it had a standard age structure. Standardisation is necessary when comparing populations that differ with respect to age because age has a powerful influence on the risk of dying from cancer.

Stomach cancer rates: both sexes

South Korea had the highest rate of stomach cancer in 2018, followed by Mongolia.

RankCountryAge-standardised rate per 100,000
1South Korea39.6
2Mongolia33.1
3Japan27.5
4China20.7
5Bhutan19.4
6Kyrgyzstan18.6
7Chile17.8
8Belarus16.5
9Peru16.1
10Vietnam15.9
11Iran15.8
12=Kazakhstan15.7
12=Tajikistan15.7
14Cape Verde15.3
15North Korea14.7
16Guatemala14.4
17Ecuador13.8
18Brunei13.6
19Costa Rica13.4
20Lithuania13.3

Stomach cancer rates in men

South Korea had the highest rate of stomach cancer in men in 2018, followed by Mongolia.

RankCountryAge-standardised rate per 100,000
1South Korea57.8
2Mongolia47.2
3Japan40.7
4China29.5
5Kyrgyzstan29.3
6Chile26.9
7=Belarus25.1
7=Cape Verde25.1
9Kazakhstan24.7
10Bhutan24.2
11Vietnam23.3
12North Korea23.1
13Iran21.6
14Russia20.4
15Tajikistan20.2
16Lithuania19.9
17Azerbaijan19.8
18French Guiana19.6
19Peru19.3
20Albania19.1

Stomach cancer rates in women

South Korea had the highest rate of stomach cancer in women in 2018, followed by Mongolia.

RankCountryAge-standardised rate per 100,000
1South Korea23.5
2Mongolia21.7
3Japan16.0
4Guatemala14.2
5Bhutan13.5
6Peru13.4
7Mali12.8
8China12.3
9Ecuador12.2
10Tajikistan11.6
11Belarus10.8
12Kyrgyzstan10.5
13Chile10.3
14Vietnam10.2
15Brunei10.1
16Costa Rica9.9
17Iran9.8
18=Honduras9.7
18=Kazakhstan9.7
20Zimbabwe9.5
The data quoted on these webpages come from the Global Cancer Observatory, owned by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), and are used with permission. The incidence statistics for 2018 are projections calculated from cancer registry data collected before 2018. Full information on the methods used by IARC is available here.
Source: Bray F, Ferlay J, Soerjomataram I, Siegel RL, Torre LA, Jemal A. Global Cancer Statistics 2018: GLOBOCAN estimates of incidence and mortality worldwide for 36 cancers in 185 countries. CA Cancer J Clin, in press. The online GLOBOCAN 2018 database is accessible at http://gco.iarc.fr/, as part of IARC’s Global Cancer Observatory.