Liver cancer statistics

Liver cancer is the sixth most common cancer worldwide

Liver cancer is the fifth most commonly occurring cancer in men and the ninth most commonly occurring cancer in women. There were over 840,000 new cases in 2018. The top 25 countries with the highest rates of liver cancer in 2018 are given in the tables below.

The Continuous Update Project Panel judged there is strong evidence that greater body fatness, and consuming alcoholic drinks and foods contaminated by aflatoxins increase the risk of liver cancer. There is strong evidence that drinking coffee decreases the risk of liver cancer. There is some evidence that being physically active and consuming fish might decrease the risk of liver cancer.

> Read about all the evidence in our Third Expert Report.

Age-standardised rates are used in the tables. This is a summary measure of the rate of disease that a population would have if it had a standard age structure. Standardisation is necessary when comparing populations that differ with respect to age because age has a powerful influence on the risk of dying from cancer.

Liver cancer rates: both sexes

Mongolia had the highest rate of liver cancer in 2018, followed by Egypt.

RankCountryAge-standardised rate per 100,000
1Mongolia93.7
2Egypt32.2
3Gambia23.9
4Vietnam23.2
5Laos22.4
6=Cambodia21.8
6=Guinea21.8
8Thailand21.0
9China18.3
10South Korea17.3
11North Korea16.5
12Ghana15.4
13Liberia15.2
14Guatemala14.9
15Guam14.8
16=Moldova13.8
16=Burkina Faso13.8
18Vanuatu13.1
19Senegal12.6
20Singapore12.3
21=Papua New Guinea11.9
21=Guinea-Bissau11.9
23Philippines11.5
24Mauritania11.3
25Cape Verde10.7

Liver cancer rates in men

Mongolia had the highest rate of liver cancer in men in 2018, followed by Egypt.

RankCountryAge-standardised rate per 100,000
1Mongolia117.0
2Egypt49.0
3Vietnam39.0
4Gambia36.5
5Cambodia34.6
6Laos33.4
7Thailand32.2
8Guinea27.9
9South Korea27.7
10China27.6
11North Korea25.4
12Guam24.5
13Ghana24.4
14Moldova20.9
15Vanuatu20.2
16Singapore19.5
17Burkina Faso19.2
18Liberia18.9
19Senegal18.0
20Philippines17.8
21=Guinea-Bissau17.3
21=Samoa17.3
23Brunei17.0
24Mauritania16.8
25Guatemala15.8

Liver cancer rates in women

Mongolia had the highest rate of liver cancer in women in 2018, followed Egypt.

RankCountryAge-standardised rate per 100,000
1Mongolia74.1
2Egypt16.7
3Guinea16.3
4Guatemala14.1
5Laos13.1
6Cambodia12.7
7Gambia12.0
8Liberia11.7
9Thailand11.4
10Papua New Guinea10.0
11Burkina Faso9.7
12Vietnam9.5
13Cape Verde9.3
14=China9.0
14=North Korea9.0
16=Moldova8.4
16=Senegal8.4
18South Korea8.2
19Nicaragua8.0
20Ghana7.6
21Sierra Leone7.5
22Guinea-Bissau7.3
23=Armenia6.9
23=El Salvador6.9
23=Ivory Coast6.9
The data quoted on these webpages come from the Global Cancer Observatory, owned by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), and are used with permission. The incidence statistics for 2018 are projections calculated from cancer registry data collected before 2018. Full information on the methods used by IARC is available here.
Source: Bray F, Ferlay J, Soerjomataram I, Siegel RL, Torre LA, Jemal A. Global Cancer Statistics 2018: GLOBOCAN estimates of incidence and mortality worldwide for 36 cancers in 185 countries. CA Cancer J Clin, in press. The online GLOBOCAN 2018 database is accessible at http://gco.iarc.fr/, as part of IARC’s Global Cancer Observatory.